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1 month ago

10 Major Breakthroughs in Medical Equipment of the Last 100 Years

There have been more medical breakthroughs in the last 100 years than in many previous centuries combined. The 20th century saw the incredibly rapid, exponential growth in the fields of science and technology. Medical equipment benefited it greatly from the advent of computer technology especially. Here are 10 of the most crucial breakthroughs in medical equipment that changed the world of healthcare in these last 100 years.

1. The Portable Defibrillator

Today, you can see the portable defibrillator everywhere. The first portable defibrillator was made by Frank Pantridge, in 1960. It is still the best device for resuscitating those who've gone into cardiac arrest.

2. The First Artificial Heart

Robert Jarvik finished work on the first artificial heart in 1982. The device was meant as a temporary replacement for patients waiting for transplant surgery.

3. The Laser Scalpel

The first laser was created in 1960. The technology developed rapidly and in 1964, the carbon dioxide laser made possible the invention of the laser scalpel. The laser scalpel revolutionized medical surgery, especially in the field of ophthalmology, as it allowed doctors to make delicate, precise cuts without using blades.

4. Balloon Catheter

The first balloon catheter was invented by Thomas Fogarty in 1963. It became the popular standard model, allowing for continuous draining of the bladder.

5. The Pacemaker

The first pacemaker was made in 1950, by John Hopps, an electrical engineer. But it wasn't until the late 1950s that an implantable design was created by New York researcher Wilson Greatbatch.

6. Ultrasound Machine

In 1962, William Wright, Ralph Meyerdirk and Joseph Holmes made the first B-mode scanner, a precursor to their first commercial portable ultrasound scanner released in 1963.

7. The AbioCor Heart

The AbioCor heart, invented by AbioMed, made headlines in 2001 as the most revolutionary advancement in artificial heart technology since the Jarvik heart. The AbioCor uses medical miniaturization technology and runs on an internal battery and is meant not as a temporary replacement between transplants, but as a long-term heart substitute.

8. Portable EKGs

The portable electrocardiogram was invented in 1961 by Frank Sanborn. EKGs monitor the heart muscles electrical signals.

9. Fetal Monitor

Though conceived in 1960, the first commercially viable fetal monitor by Professor K. Hammacher and Hewlett-Packard was not completed until 1968. It allowed doctors to detect fetal distress during labor.

10. CT Scanner

The first commercially usable CT scanner was invented in 1971 by UK scientist Godfrey Hounsfield. CT scanners are today the highest standard for medical imaging, allowing doctors to ascertain the nature of symptoms by looking inside the human body.

Looking for the best refurbished medical equipment could be hard to come by these days, but because of the breakthroughs over the years it has become easier to look for the right one.

1 month ago

Home Medical Equipment

Home medical equipment (HME) or durable medical equipment (DME) refers to equipment used by people with medical conditions, physical limitations, disabilities and senior citizens. The home equipment category comprises devices used for patients who are being cared for by non-professionals or family members at home and not a medical institution. As these equipment are used by family members or non-professionals on a repetitive basis, these are also known as durable medical equipment.

Medical supplies such as bandages, irrigating kits, rubber gloves, etc cannot be considered as HME. Home medical equipment is defined as a medically essential; durable equipment, prescribed by the doctor to fill a medical need and appropriate for use in a home. Equipment that falls under this category are air purifiers, air ionizers, nebulizers, oxygen tents, iron lungs, hospital beds, wheelchairs, walkers, seat lifts, patient lifts, oxygen concentrators, artificial limbs, diabetic shoes, crutches, elevating toilet seats, prosthesis, respiratory assist devices, positive airway pressure devices, dynamic splints, bath safety products, etc.

The patient is required to have a doctor's prescription for the equipment needed, however, this is not essential for minor equipment such as canes or walkers. Typically, these home care medical equipment are covered by the patient's healthcare insurance (including Medicare Part B). Often family members discover that the particular equipment is covered under the insurance after it's too late. One can even rent equipment, however, Medicare covers rental charges for only 15 months. HME can be rented for a period beyond 15 months, however, Medicare does not cover the rental charges for it.

Mostly the doctor recommends the supplier for the HME. The doctor knows the patient's physical and overall health condition, and thus provides complete medical prescription with necessary details. For patients discharged from the hospital, a 'discharge planner' will follow the doctor's instructions, and guide the patient regarding the different suppliers available. He will even contact the supplier chosen by the patient's caregiver.

The supplier then contacts the doctor directly and finds out everything about the patient's medical condition, and makes arrangements to deliver the particular equipment home. The HME supplier has an inventory of these equipment, and is more like a pharmacy store. Thus, the delivery does not take time. The supplier will even set up the equipment at home, after checking if the home environment is safe for the equipment. He will even demonstrate the working and make sure the patient and the caregiver understands its working.

If the equipment includes any dangerous aspects, this also will be explained by the supplier. The patient and family members will be given a 24-hour contact number, wherein they can call in case of an emergency due to the malfunctioning of the equipment. The supplier will provide maintenance services such as servicing, refilling oxygen, etc. on a periodic basis. He will also notify the family regarding any alterations in the insurance.

According to Medicare rules, suppliers need to sell equipment to people within a particular vicinity, so that they can deliver supplies as well as maintain the HME in a timely fashion. In the US, several HME suppliers are available, thus patients can receive the HME from local suppliers in their immediate area, without any difficulty. Today, with the advent of internet technology, online retailers are available selling HME.

Patients, family members, and caregivers must be alert and aware of medical equipment, as well as Medicare fraud. Purchasing HME from door-to-door salesmen should be strictly avoided. One must also keep away from suppliers who try to contact the patient before the doctor or discharge planner gets in touch. Since suppliers cannot know the exact requirements of the patient before contacting the doctor, it is advisable to contact them through a doctor or discharge planner only.

1 month ago

The Most Dangerous Beach in The World for Shark Attacks

Death of Liya Sibili

On the 25th of December, 2012, the sharks in the waters off Port St Johns claimed yet another life when a tiger shark took 20 year old swimmer Liya Sibili.

This brings the death toll at Port St Johns to 7 fatal shark attacks in 7 years, reinforcing its reputation as the most dangerous beach in the world for shark attacks.

At the time of writing this, the most dangerous beach in the whole world for shark attacks has got to be Second Beach at Port St. Johns in South Africa.

There have been six fatal shark attacks there in the past six years.

These have also been the only shark attacks at this beach, and for every single one of them to be

1 month ago

Medical Equipment Leasing Canada by Stan Prokop

Medical Equipment Leasing is a specialized type of financing in Canadian business. When you're firm or medical practice requires specialized medical equipment it is important for you to achieve the proper rates, terms, and structures that meet the needs of your business in relation to the asset you are acquiring.

If you have leased medical equipment before you already know that it makes great economic sense - in essence you are matching the cash outflows of leasing , i.e. the monthly payments, to the anticipated useful life and benefits of the asset being required .

Many of our clients are also pleased to hear, sometimes for the first time, that a number of other costs associated with leasing can also be bundled into the lease - not the least of which is any software associated with your equipment purchase.

Although medical equipment leasing can be called a somewhat specialized type of financing we would point out that all of the traditional benefits of leasing still apply to your medical equipment lease transaction. These include:

- Different rates and terms and structures are available based on your firms overall size and credit quality

- You clearly are using the equipment to generate services revenue and profit - these will be realized over time so it makes sense to spread out your payments over time

- All business these days are about cash flow, so the ability to eliminate or reduce down payments and include soft costs such as installation, service, maintenance, etc are great lease benefits

- From a timing perspective most leases can be approved in a matter of a few business days with proper application material in place0 i.e. business info, financials, etc - Payment is of course made directly to your vendor

- Your firm may have other sources of financing which therefore remain available for you to utilize for general business purposes

- Current market rates are very favorable and lease financing allows you to upgrade equipment or acquire newer more expensive technologies at a fraction of the cash outlay when competed to purchasing.

Billions of dollars of medical equipment are leased each year and you should ensure you are working with a trusted, credible and experienced medical leasing advisor to ensure you have the acquisition financing in place that you need.

Medical equipment covers a wide variety of assets, so Canadian business owners and financial managers should clearly understand that all assets can be financed - some major asset categories include analyzer's scanners, surgical equipment, x-ray machines, ultrasounds, etc. The bottom line is that if our firm or practice needs the equipment you should realize you have financing solutions in place.

Many clients gain both a competitive edge as well as an economic edge in utilizing lease financing for medical equipment - it's a simple case of working smarter with new technologies.

Explore your medical equipment leasing options and you will have a strong comfort level around asset acquisition and future success for your fir/practice.

1 month ago

Medicine :: Home Remedies for Nausea

Boil 250ml of fresh, whole milk, 25ml of ginger juice (made from crushing fresh ginger) and 25g of brown sugar for 10 minutes. Sip slowly while it's still hot.

The best time for using a preventive home remedy is when stretch marks first show themselves. This is the time, when the elasticity of the skin begins to loosen its grip. Applying a home made moisturizing agent, such as cocoa butter or almond oil, can restore the lost elasticity of the skin to some extent. You may also try lavender oil or vitamin K lotions.

'Stretch marks' is another common problem and one that really worries some women. Again, I would like to point out that there is nothing to worry about, as you can easily deal with the problem with some simple home remedy. Let us first discuss why stretch marks occur. Our skin comprises of a thin outer layer and an inner layer called collagen. During nine months, many women suddenly put on a lot of weight.

Pregnant women should take utmost care to have a balanced diet. A balanced diet would help you avoid excessive weight gain. You should also remember to drink plenty of water. Remember that we need to keep our skin supple, as that enhances its elasticity, which in turn means no stretch marks.

Indigestion might be caused by a disease in the digestive tract such as ulcer or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but for many people, it results from eating too much, eating too rapidly, eating high-fat foods, or eating during stressful conditions. Indigestion accompanied by smallness of breath, sweating, or pain radiating to the jaw, neck, or arm.

Weight gain is the reason why books, doctors, articles, and people around you advise walking, stretching, and other such physical activities. It ensures you put on only the necessary pounds during pregnancy. This prevents your skin to go through sudden stretches that leaves marks later.

Constipation may cause abdominal pain and swelling in some people. Constipation can lead to a build up of toxins, which can cause many health problems. Constipation mostly refers to a reduction in the frequency of bowel motions or increased difficulty passing stools.

Another pregnancy complication that can be faced by a pregnant woman is stretch marks. During pregnancy, a woman usually gains weight but sometimes they gain excess weight which results in stretch marks. It is advisable to start taking preventive measures against stretch marks as soon as pregnancy is confirmed.

Women are prone to depression twice as compared to men. Many hormonal factors may contribute to the increased rate of depression in women particularly factors as menstrual cycle, pregnancy, miscarriage, premenstrual syndrome and menopause. Many women also face additional tensions such as responsibilities both at work and home, single parenthood, and caring for children.

1 month ago

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1 month ago

Medical supplies. - Free Online Library

A World Bank loan will support an Emergency Reconstruction Project

for Earthquakes and Extension of Health Services (No. 7084-ES; Proyecto

No. P067986). Part of the funds will be used to procure medical supplies

(123 separate items). Deadline: April 19, 2007. Refer to: LPI N[degrees]

56/2006. Details: Ministerio de Salud Publica y Asistencia Social.

Unidad Coordinadora del Proyecto RHESSA. Attn: Dr. Jose Guillermo Maza

Brizuela. Calle Arce y 19 Av. Sur No. 1045. San Salvador, El Salvador.

Tel/Fax: (503) 2249-9684, 2249-9685, 2249-9686. Fax: (503) 2231-2306.

E-mail: Web:

COPYRIGHT 2007 Caribbean Update, Inc.

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Copyright 2007 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.